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The Botanical System of the Plants
Das Botanisches System der Pflanzen
Friedrich A. Lohmueller

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Familia: Araceae Juss. (Arum Family - Aronstabgewächse)
Subfamilia:  Aroideae
Tribus:     Thomsonieae
Genus:  Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne.
(Amorphophallus lilies - Aronstab)

Amorphophallus konjac
Amorphophallus konjac
Amorphophallus titanum
Amorphophallus titanum
   

Species: ~ 200.
Geography: tropical and subtropical.
  • Amorphophallus konjac K.Koch, - S China, Vietnam, Sabah.
    (Devil's Tongue, Elephant Foot, Elephant-yam, Leopard Palm, Snake Palm, Umbrella Arum)
    syn.: Amorphophallus rivieri Durieu ex Carrière,
    syn.: Amorphophallus rivieri var. konjac (K.Koch) Engl.,
    syn.: Amorphophallus mairei H.Lév. .
  • Amorphophallus titanum* (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcang.: (Titan Arum, Krubi,Titananwurz), - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus aberrans Hett., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus abyssinicus (Rich.) N.E.Br., - West Africa to East Africa.
  • Amorphophallus abyssinicus subsp. abyssinicus
  • Amorphophallus abyssinicus subsp. akeassii
  • Amorphophallus abyssinicus subsp. unyikae
  • Amorphophallus albispathus Hett., - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus albus Liu & Wei, - China.
  • Amorphophallus amygdaloides Hett. & M.Sizemore, - centrale Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus andranogidroensis Hett. & Mangelsdorff, - Madagaskar.
  • Amorphophallus angolensis (Welw. ex Schott) N.E.Br., - Gabun, Angola, Zaire.
  • Amorphophallus angolensis subsp. angolensis
  • Amorphophallus angolensis subsp. maculatus
  • Amorphophallus angulatus Hett. & A.Vogel, - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus angustispathus Hett., - Myanmar.
  • Amorphophallus ankarana Hett., - Madagascar.
  • Amorphophallus annulifer Hett., - Java.
  • Amorphophallus antsingyensis Bogner, Hett. & Ittenb., - Madagascar.
  • Amorphophallus aphyllus (Hook.) Hutch., - Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Gambia.
  • Amorphophallus asper Engl., - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus asterostigmatus Bogn. & Hett., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus atroviridis Hett., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus atrorubens Hett. & M.Sizemore, - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus bangkokensis Gagn., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus barthlottii Ittenb. & Lobin, - Ivory Coast, Liberia.
  • Amorphophallus baumannii (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Togo.
  • Amorphophallus beccarii Engl., - Sumatra.
    syn.: Amorphophallus incurvatus Alderw.,
    syn.: Amorphophallus obovoideus Alderw.,
    syn.: Amorphophallus subcymbiformis Alderw.
  • Amorphophallus becqaertii DeWildeman, - Zaire.
  • Amorphophallus bonaccordensis Sivadasan, Mohanan & Rajkumar, - SW India.
  • Amorphophallus borneensis (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm., - Kalimantan.
  • Amorphophallus boyceanus Hett., - southern peninsular Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus brachyphyllus Hett., - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus brevispathus Gagn., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus bufo Ridl., - West Malaysia.
  • Amorphophallus bulbifer (Roxb.) Bl., - India.
  • Amorphophallus calabaricus N.E. Br., - Nigeria, Cameroon..
  • Amorphophallus canaliculatus Ittenb., Hett. & Lobin, - Gabun.
  • Amorphophallus carneus Ridl., - West Malaysia, southern peninsular Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus chlorospathus Kurz ex Hook. f., - Myanmar.
  • Amorphophallus cicatricifer Hett., - W Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus cirrifer Stapf, - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus coaetaneus Liu & Wei, - S China.
    syn.: Amorphophallus arnautovii Het.,
    syn.: Amorphophallus pingbianensis H.Li & C.L.Long
  • Amorphophallus commutatus (Schott) Engl., - S India.
  • Amorphophallus consimilis Bl.
    syn.: Amorphophallus doryphorus
  • Amorphophallus corrugatus N.E.Br., - N Thailand, Myanmar.
  • Amorphophallus costatus Hett., - Kalimantan.
  • Amorphophallus coudercii (Bogn.) Bogn., - central Vietnam, Cambodia.
  • Amorphophallus croatii Hett. & A.Galloway, - Laos.
  • Amorphophallus cruddasianus Prain ex Engl., - N Thailand, Myanmar, Laos.
  • Amorphophallus curvistylis Hett., - W Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus dactylifer Hett., - Philippines.
  • Amorphophallus declinatus Hett., - Palawan (Philippines).
  • Amorphophallus decus-silvae Backer & Alderw., (West-Java Giant Amorphophallus) - Java.
  • Amorphophallus discophorus Backer & Alderw., - Java.
  • Amorphophallus dracontioides (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Togo Central African Republic.
  • Amorphophallus dunnii Tutch., - SE China.
    syn.: Amorphophallus mellii Engl., Amorphophallus odoratus Hett. & H.Li
  • Amorphophallus dzuii Hett., - N Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus eburneus Bogn., - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus echinatus Bogn. & Mayo, - E Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus eichleri (Engl.) Hook. f., - Zaire, Angola.
  • Amorphophallus elatus Ridl., - East Malaysia, Peninsular Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus elegans Ridl., - East Malaysia, southern peninsular Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus elliottii Hook. f., - Sierra Leone.
  • Amorphophallus erythrorrhachis Hett., O. Pronk & R. Kaufmann, - Madagascar.
  • Amorphophallus excentricus Hett., - Peninsular Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus forbesii Engl., - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus fuscus Hett., - N Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus galbra F.M.Bail., - Queensland, Papua New Guinea.
  • Amorphophallus gallaensis (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya.
  • Amorphophallus gallowayi Hett., - Laos.
  • Amorphophallus gigas Teijsm. & Binnend., (Sumatra Giant Amorphophallus) - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus glaucophyllus Hett. & Serebr., - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus gliruroides Engl., - Myanmar.
  • Amorphophallus glossophyllus Hett., - Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus goetzei (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Tansania, Mosambic.
  • Amorphophallus gomboczianus Pic.Serm., - Äthiopien.
  • Amorphophallus gracilior Hutch., - Nigeria.
  • Amorphophallus gracilis Engl., - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus haematospadix Hook. f., - E Malaysia, Peninsular Thailand, N Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus harmandii Engl. & Gehrm., - Cambodia.
  • Amorphophallus hayi Hett., - N Vietnam, Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus henryi N.E.Br., - Taiwan.
  • Amorphophallus hetterscheidii Ittenb. & Lobin, - Gabun, Zaire, Central African Republic.
  • Amorphophallus hewittii Alderw., - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus hildebrandtii (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm., - Madagascar.
  • Amorphophallus hirsutus Teijsm. and Binn. & Binnend., - Sumatra, Nicobar Islands.
  • Amorphophallus hirtus N.E.Br., - Taiwan.
  • Amorphophallus hohenackeri (Schott) Engl. & Gehrm., - SW India.
  • Amorphophallus hottae Bogn. & Hett., - Sabah.
  • Amorphophallus impressus Ittenb., - Tansania, Malawi.
  • Amorphophallus infundibuliformis Hett., Dearden & A.Vogel, - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus interruptus Engl. & Gehrm., - N Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus johnsonii N.E.Br., - Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali.
  • Amorphophallus josefbogneri Hett., - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus julaihii Ipor, Tawan & P.C.Boyce, - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus kachinensis Engl. & Gehrm., - N Thailand, Laos, Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus kiusianus (Makino) Makino, - S Japan, E China, Taiwan.
  • Amorphophallus konjac K.Koch, - S China, Vietnam, Sabah.
    (Devil's Tongue, Elephant Foot, Elephant-yam, Leopard Palm, Snake Palm, Umbrella Arum)
    syn.: Amorphophallus rivieri Durieu ex Carrière,
    syn.: Amorphophallus rivieri var. konjac (K.Koch) Engl.,
    syn.: Amorphophallus mairei H.Lév. .
  • Amorphophallus konkanensis Hett., Yadav & Patil, - SW India.
  • Amorphophallus koratensis Gagn., - Thailand, Laos.
  • Amorphophallus krausei Engl. (Syn.: A. pachystylis Hett.), - Myanmar, Thailand, Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus lambii Mayo & Widj., - Sabah, Kalimantan.
  • Amorphophallus lanuginosus Hett., - central Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus laoticus Hett., - Laos.
  • Amorphophallus lewallei Malaisse & Bamps, - Burundi.
  • Amorphophallus linearis Gagn., - central and W Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus linguiformis Hett., - N Kalimantan.
  • Amorphophallus longicomus Hett. & M.Serebryanyi, - Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus longiconnectivus Bogn., - central India.
  • Amorphophallus longispathaceus Engl. & Gehrm., - Philippines.
  • Amorphophallus longistylus Kurz ex Hook. f., - Andamanes.
  • Amorphophallus longituberosus (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm., - NW Malaysia, Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus lunatus Hett. & M.Sizemore, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus luzoniensis Merr., - Philippines.
  • Amorphophallus macrorhizus Craib, - N Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus mangelsdorffii Bogn., - Madagascar.
  • Amorphophallus manta Hett. & Ittenb., - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus margaritifer (Roxb.) Kunth, - NE India, Nepal.
  • Amorphophallus margretii Ittenb., - Zaire.
  • Amorphophallus maximus (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Tansania, Kenia, Sambia, Simbabwe, Somalia.
  • Amorphophallus maxwellii Hett., - W Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus mekongensis Engl. & Gehrm., - Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus merrillii Krause, - Philippines.
  • Amorphophallus mildbraedii Krause, - Cameroon..
  • Amorphophallus minor Ridl., - W Malaysia.
  • Amorphophallus mossambicensis (Schott ex Garcke) N.E.Br., - Mosambic, Tansania, Simbabwe, Sambia.
    syn.: Amorphophallus swynnertonii Rendle .
  • Amorphophallus muelleri Bl. (Syn.: A. erubescens Hett.), - W Thailand, Andamanen, Sumatra, Java, Timor, Sulawesi.
  • Amorphophallus mullendersii Malaisse & Bamps, - Zaire, Angola.
  • Amorphophallus myosuroides Hett. & A.Galloway, - Laos.
  • Amorphophallus mysorensis Barnes & Fischer, - SW India.
  • Amorphophallus nanus H.Li & C.L.Long, - Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus napalensis (Wall.) Bogn. & Mayo, - N Indien, Nepal, Bhutan.
  • Amorphophallus napiger Gagn., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus nicolsonianus Sivad., - SW India.
  • Amorphophallus obscurus Hett. & M. Sizemore, - E Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus ochroleucus Hett. & V.D.Nguyen, - Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus ongsakulii Hett. & A.Galloway, - Laos.
  • Amorphophallus operculatus, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus opertus Hett., - S Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicols., (Whitespot Giant Arum, Elephant Yam) - Madagascar to Polynesia.
  • Amorphophallus palawanensis Bogn. & Hett., - Palawan (Philippines).
  • Amorphophallus parvulusGagn., - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus pendulus Bogn. & Mayo, - Sarawak, NW Kalimantan.
  • Amorphophallus perakensis Engl., - West Malaysia.
  • Amorphophallus pilosus Hett., - central Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus plicatus Bok & Lam., - N Sulawesi.
  • Amorphophallus polyanthus Hett. & M.Sizemore, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus prainii Hook. f., - Thailand, West Malaysia, Sumatra, E Kalimantan.
  • Amorphophallus preussii (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Cameroon..
  • Amorphophallus prolificus Hett. & A.Galloway, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus purpurascens Kurz ex Hook. f., - Myanmar.
  • Amorphophallus pusillus Hett. & Serebr., - S Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus putii Gagn., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus pygmaeus Hett., - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus ranchanensis Ipor, Tawan, Simon, Meekiong & Fuad, - Sarawak.
  • Amorphophallus reflexus Hett. & A.Galloway, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus rhizomatosus Hett., - N Vietnam, Laos.
  • Amorphophallus richardsii Ittenb., - Sambia.
  • Amorphophallus rivieri Dur. = Amorphophallus konjac K.Koch
  • Amorphophallus rostratus Hett., - Philippines.
  • Amorphophallus rugosus Hett. & A.Lamb, - Sabah.
  • Amorphophallus sagittarius Steen., - Java.
  • Amorphophallus salmoneus Hett., - Palawan (Philippines).
  • Amorphophallus saraburiensis Gagn.:, - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus saururus Hett., - NE Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus scaber Serebr. & Hett., - S Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus schmidtiae Hett. & A.Galloway, - Laos.
  • Amorphophallus scutatus Hett. & T.C. Chapman, - central Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus serrulatus Hett. & A.Galloway, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus sizemoreae Hett., - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus smithsonianus Sivad., - SW India.
  • Amorphophallus sparsiflorus Hook. f., - W Malaysia.
  • Amorphophallus spectabilis (Miq.) Engl. nom. cons. prop., - Java.
  • Amorphophallus staudtii (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Cameroon..
  • Amorphophallus stipitatus Engl., - SE China.
  • Amorphophallus stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm., - Tansania, Kenia.
  • Amorphophallus subpedatus V.D.Nguyen & Hett., - N Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus sumawongii (Bogn.) Bogn., - SE Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus sylvaticus (Roxb.) Kunth, - southern India, Sri Lanka.
  • Amorphophallus symonianus Hett. & M.Sizemore, - Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus synandrifer Hett. & V.D.Nguyen, - Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus taurostigma Ittenb. & Hett., - Madagascar.
  • Amorphophallus tenuispadix Hett., - centrale Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus tenuistylis Hett., - centrale Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus teuszii (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Zaire, Angola.
  • Amorphophallus thaiensis S.-Y.Hu, - N Thailand.
  • Amorphophallus tinekeae Hett. & A.Vogel, - Sabah.
  • Amorphophallus titanum* (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcang.: (Titan Arum, Krubi,Titananwurz), - Sumatra.
  • Amorphophallus tonkinensis Engl. & Gehrm., - N Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus tuberculatus Hett. & V.D.Nguyen, - N Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus variabilis Bl., - Java.
  • Amorphophallus venustus Hett., A.Hay & J.Mood, - Sabah.
  • Amorphophallus verticillatus Hett., - northern Vietnam.
  • Amorphophallus vogelianus Hett. & H.Billensteiner .
  • Amorphophallus xiei Li & Dao, - Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus yuloensis H.Li, - Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus yunnanensis Engl., - northern Thailand, Laos, northern Vietnam, Yunnan.
  • Amorphophallus zengianus C.I. Long & H.Li, - China.
  • Amorphophallus zenkeri (Engl.) N.E.Br., - Cameroon, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea.

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