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Übersicht Pflanzen
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The Botanical System of the Plants
Das Botanisches System der Pflanzen
Friedrich A. Lohmueller

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Familia: Magnoliaceae Juss. (1789), nom. cons. (Magnolia family - Magnoliengewächse)
Subfamilia: Magnolioideae
Genus:  Magnolia L.

Magnolia denutata
Magnolia denutata
Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia kobus
Magnolia kobus
Magnolia loebneri
Magnolia loebneri
Magnolia soulangeana
Magnolia soulangeana
Magnolia stellata
Magnolia stellata
 

Species: ~128
Geography: worldwide.

Magnolia subgenus Magnolia:
Anthers open by splitting at the front facing the centre of the flower.
Deciduous or evergreen. Flowers produced after the leaves.

  Sectio Magnolia: (Neotropis)
  • Magnolia grandiflora L. - Southern magnolia or bull bay, -- Southeastern USA.
  • Magnolia guatemalensis Donn.Sm. - Guatemalan magnolia -- Guatemala, Honduras.
  • Magnolia iltisiana Vazquez -- western Mexico.
  • Magnolia pacifica Vazquez -- westliches Mexico.
  • Magnolia panamensisVazquez & Iltis -- Panama.
  • Magnolia poasana (Pittier) Dandy -- Costa Rica, Panama.
  • Magnolia schiedeana Schltdl. -- Eastern Mexico.
  • Magnolia sharpii Meranda -- Chiapas, Mexico.
  • Magnolia sororum Seibert -- Panama.
  • Magnolia tamaulipana Vazquez -- Northeastern Mexico.
  • Magnolia virginiana Linn - Sweetbay magnolia -- Southeastern USA.
  • Magnolia yoroconte Dandy -- Honduras.
  Sectio Gwillimia: (Neotropis)
    Subsectio Gwillimia: (Asien and Borneo)
  • Magnolia albosericea Chun & Tsoong. -- Hainan, China.
  • Magnolia championii Benth -- southern and southeastern China
  • Magnolia coco (Lour.) DC. -- southeastern China
  • Magnolia delavayi Franchet. - Chinese evergreen magnolia -- Yunnan, China.
  • Magnolia delavayi:
  • Magnolia henryi Dunn -- Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia nana Dandy -- Vietnam
  • Magnolia odoratissima Law & Zhou -- südliches China
  • Magnolia persuaveolens Dandy -- Borneo
  • Magnolia phanerophlebia B.L.Chen -- südöstliches Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia pterocarpa Roxb. -- Nepal, Burma
    Subsectio Blumiana: (Asien, Sumatra and Borneo)
  • Magnolia liliifera (L.) Baillon (Syn.: M. candollii (Blume) H. Keng) -- Southeast üdost Asia.
  • Magnolia gigantifolia (Miq.) Noot. -- Borneo, Sumatra
  • Magnolia hodgsonii (Hook. f. & Thom.) H.Keng -- Nepal, Burma
  • Magnolia lasia Noot. -- Borneo
  • Magnolia mariusjacobsia Noot. -- Borneo
  • Magnolia sarawakensis (Agostini) Noot. -- Borneo
  • Magnolia villosa (Miq.) H. Keng -- Sumatra, Borneo
  Sectio Talauma:
    Subsectio Talauma: (Neotropis)
  • Magnolia allenii Standl. -- Panama.
  • Magnolia amazonica Ducke -- Brazil.
  • Magnolia arcabucoana (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia boliviana (M.Nee) Govaerts -- Bolivia.
  • Magnolia caricifragrans (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia cespedesii (Triana & Planch) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia chocoensis (Lozano) -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia dixonii (Little) Govaerts -- Equador
  • Magnolia dodecapetala (Lam.) Govaerts -- Lesser Antilles - Kleine Antillen.
  • Magnolia espinalii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia georgii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia gilbertoi (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia gloriensis (Pittier) Govaerts -- Central America.
  • Magnolia hernandezii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia irwiniana (Lozano) Govaerts -- Brasilien
  • Magnolia katiorum (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia mexicana DC. -- Mexico.
  • Magnolia minor (Urb.) Govaerts -- Cuba.
  • Magnolia morii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Panama.
  • Magnolia narinensis (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia neillii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Equador
  • Magnolia ovata (A.St.Hil.) Spreng. -- Brazil.
  • Magnolia polyhypsophilla (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia rimachii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Peru,Equador.
  • Magnolia sambuensis (Pittier) Govaerts: Kolumbien, Panama.
  • Magnolia santanderiana (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia sellowiana (A.St.Hil.) Govaerts: Brasilien
  • Magnolia silvioi (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia venezuelensis (Lozano) Govaerts-- Venezuela.
  • Magnolia virolinensis (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia wolfii (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
    Subsectio Dugandiodendron: (Northern South America)
  • Magnolia argyrothricha (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia calimaensis (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia calophylla (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia cararensis (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia chimantensis Steyermark & Maguire -- Venezuela.
  • Magnolia colombiana (Little) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia guatapensis (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia lenticellata (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia magnifolia (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia mahechae (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia ptaritepuiana Steyermark -- Venezuela
  • Magnolia striatifolia Little -- Columbia,Equador.
  • Magnolia urraoense (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
  • Magnolia yarumalense (Lozano) Govaerts -- Columbia.
    Subsectio Cubenses: (Greater Antilles)
  • Magnolia cubensis Urb. -- Cuba.
  • Magnolia cacuminoides Bisse -- Cuba.
  • Magnolia cristalensis Bisse -- Cuba.
  • Magnolia domingensis Urb. -- Haiti.
  • Magnolia emarginata Urb. & Echman -- Haiti.
  • Magnolia ekmannii Urb. -- Haiti.
  • Magnolia hamorii Howard -- Dominican Republic.
  • Magnolia pallescens Urban & Ekman -- Dominican Republic.
  • Magnolia portoricensis Bello -- Puerto Rico.
  • Magnolia splendens Urban -- Puerto Rico.
   Sectio Manglietia: (Asia)
  • Magnolia aromatica Blume -- southern China.
  • Magnolia blaoensis (Gagnep.) Dandy -- Vietnam.
  • Magnolia blumei Prantl (Manglietia glauca Blume) -- Sumatra, Java.
  • Magnolia calophylloides Figlar & Noot. (Syn.: Manglietia calophylla Dandy) -- western Sumatra.
  • Magnolia caveana (Hook. f. & Thoms.) D.C.Raju & M.P.Nayer -- Assam, northern Burma.
  • Magnolia chevalieri Dandy -- Vietnam, Laos.
  • Magnolia conifera Dandy -- southern China, Vietnam.
  • Magnolia dandyi (Gapnep.) Dandy -- southern China, Vietnam, Laos.
  • Magnolia decidua Q.Y.Zheng -- Jiangxi (China.
  • Magnolia dolichogyna (Dandy ex Noot.) Figlar & Noot. -- Borneo, Malaiische Halbinsel.
  • Magnolia duclouxii Finet & Gagnep. -- Vietnam, southwestern China.
  • Magnolia fordiana (Oliv.) Hu (Syn.: Manglietia yuyuanensis) -- Vietnam, southern China.
  • Magnolia garrettii Craib -- southwestern China, Vietnam.
  • Magnolia grandis Hu & W.C.Cheng -- Yunnan (China.
  • Magnolia hebecarpa C.Y.Wu & Law -- Yunnan (China.
  • Magnolia hookeri Cubitt & W.W.Sm. -- southwestern China, northern Burma.
  • Magnolia insignis (Wall.) Blume -- southern China, Nepal, Burma.
  • Magnolia lanuginosoides Figlar & Noot. (Manglietia lanuginosa (Dandy) Noot.) -- Sumatra.
  • Magnolia lucida B.L.Chen & S.C.Yang -- southwestern China.
  • Magnolia megaphylla Hu & W.C.Cheng -- Yunnan (China.
  • Magnolia microtricha Law -- Tibet.
  • Magnolia moto Dandy -- southeastern China.
  • Magnolia obovalifolia C.Y.Yu & Law -- Yunnan (China.
  • Magnolia ovoidea H.T.Chang & B.L.Chen -- Yunnan (China.
  • Magnolia pachyphylla Chang -- southeastern China.
  • Magnolia phuthoensis Dandy ex Gapnep. -- Vietnam.
  • Magnolia rufibarbata Dandy -- Vietnam.
  • Magnolia sabahensis (Dandy ex Noot.) Figlar ↦ Noot. -- Borneo.
  • Magnolia szechuanica Hu: southwestern China.
  • Magnolia utilis Dandy -- northern Burma.
  • Magnolia ventii N.V.Tiep -- Yunnan, China.
   Sectio Kmeria: (3 in Asia)
  • Magnolia duperreana Pierre -- Vietnam, Cambodia.
    syn.: Kmeria duperreana
  • Magnolia kwangsiensis Figlar & Noot. -- Yunnan and Guangxi, China.
    syn.: Kmeria septentrionalis Dandy
  • Magnolia thailandica Noot. & Chalermglin -- Thailand
   Sectio Rhytidospermum: (Asia)
     Subsectio Rhytidospermum: (Asia + USA)
  • Magnolia obovata Thunb. - Japanese bigleaf magnolia -- Japan.
  • Magnolia officinalis Rehd. & Wilson - Houpu magnolia -- China.
  • Magnolia rostrata W.W.Smith: südwestliches China
  • Magnolia tripetala (L.) L. - Umbrella magnolia -- southeastern USA.
     Subsectio Oyama: (USA)
  • Magnolia globosa Hook.f. & Thoms. - Globe magnolia -- Nepal, Burma.
  • Magnolia sieboldii K.Koch - Siebold's magnolia -- Corea, eastern China.
  • Magnolia wilsonii (Finet. & Gagnep.) Rehder - Wilson's magnolia -- southwestern China.
   Sectio Auriculata:
  • Magnolia fraseri Walt. - Fraser magnolia -- southeastern USA.
   Sectio Macrophylla:
  • Magnolia macrophylla Michx. - Bigleaf magnolia -- southeastern USA, eastern Mexico.
  • Magnolia macrophylla subsp. ashei - Ashe magnolia
  • Magnolia macrophylla subsp. dealbata - Mexican bigleaf magnolia
(((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( to do
  • Magnolia nitida -
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Magnolia subgenus Yulania:
Anthers open by splitting at the sides. Deciduous.
Flowers mostly produced before leaves (except M. acuminata).

Sectio Yulania
      Subsectio Yulania (Asien)       Subsectio Tulipastrum:
  • Magnolia acuminata - Cucumber tree
   Sectio Michelia :
   Subsectio Michelia : (Asia)
  • Magnolia × alba (DC.) Figlar & Noot.: eine Hybride
  • Magnolia angustioblonga (Law & Wu) Figlar: südwestliches China
  • Magnolia baillonii Pierre (Syn.: Paramichelia baillonii (Pierre) Hu): südwestliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia banghamii (Noot.) Figlar & Noot.: Malaysia, SUMATRA
  • Magnolia balansae A.DC.: südliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia braianensis (Gagnep.) Figlar: Vietnam
  • Magnolia cavaleriei (Finet & Gagnep.) Figlar: südliches China
  • Champaka (Magnolia champaca (L.) Baillon ex Pierre): südliches Indien, Malaiische Halbinsel, Java.
  • Magnolia chapensis (Dandy) Sima: südliches China, nördliches Vietnam
  • Magnolia compressa Maxim.: Japan, südwestliches China
  • Magnolia coriacea (H.T.Chang & B.L.Chen) Figlar: südöstliches Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia dianica Sima & Figlar (Syn.: Michelia yunnanensis Franch. ex Finet & Gapnep.): südwestliches China
  • Magnolia doltsopa (Buch.-Ham. ex DC.) Figlar: südwestliches China, Himalaja
  • Magnolia elliptilimba (B.L.Chen & Noot.) Figlar: Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia ernestii Figlar (Syn.: Michelia wilsonii Finet. & Gagnep.): Sichuan (China)
  • Magnolia figo (Lour.) DC.: südöstliches China
  • Magnolia flaviflora (Law & Wu) Figlar: Vietnam, südwestliches China
  • Magnolia floribunda (Finet & Gagnep.) Figlar: südliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia foveolata (Merr. ex Dandy) Figlar: südliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia fujianensis (Q.F.Zheng) Figlar: südöstliches China
  • Magnolia fulva (H.T.Chang & B.L.Chen) Figlar: Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia guangxiensis (Law & R.Z.Zhou) Sima: Guangxi (China)
  • Magnolia hypolampra (Dandy) Figlar: südliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia ingrata (B.L.Chen & S.C.Lang) Figlar: Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia jiangxiensis (H.T.Chang & B.L.Chen) Figlar: Jiangxi (China)
  • Magnolia kingii (Dandy) Figlar: Bangladesch, Assam
  • Magnolia kisopa (Bush.-Ham. ex DC.) Figlar: Vietnam, Nepal
  • Magnolia koordersiana (Noot.) Figlar: Malaysia, westliches Sumatra
  • Magnolia lacei (W.W.Smith) Figlar: südwestliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia lanuginosa (Wall.) Figlar & Noot. (Syn.: Michelia velutina DC.): Yunnan (China), Nepal
  • Magnolia leveilleana (Dandy) Figlar: südwestliches China
  • Magnolia macclurei (Dandy) Figlar: südliches China, nördliches Vietnam
  • Magnolia mannii (King) King: Assam
  • Magnolia martinii H.Lev.: südöstliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia masticata (Dandy) Figlar: Yunnan (China), Laos
  • Magnolia maudiae (Dunn) Figlar: China
  • Magnolia mediocris (Dandy) Figlar: südliches China, Vietnam
  • Magnolia microcarpa (B.L.Chen & S.C.Yang) Sima: südliches China
  • Magnolia microtricha (Hand.-Mazz.) Figlar: Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia montana (Blume) Figlar & Noot.: Malaysia bis Borneo
  • Magnolia nilagirica (Zenker) Figlar: südliches Indien, Sri Lanka
  • Magnolia oblonga (Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thomson) Figlar: Assam
  • Magnolia odora (Chun) Figlar & Noot.: südöstliches China, nördliches Vietnam
  • Magnolia opipara (H.T.Chang & B.L.Chen) Sima: Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia philippinensis P.Pharm: Philippinen
  • Magnolia punduana (Hook. f. & Thoms.) Figlar: Assam
  • Magnolia rajaniana (Craib.) Figlar: Thailand
  • Magnolia sirindhorniae Noot. & Chalermglin: Thailand
  • Magnolia sumatrae (Dandy) Figlar (Syn.: Michelia salicifolia A. Agostini): westliches Sumatra
  • Magnolia scortechinii (King) Figlar & Noot.: Malaiische Halbinsel, westliches Sumatra
  • Magnolia sphaerantha (C.Y.Wu ex Z.S.Yue) Sima: südwestliches China
  • Magnolia shiluensis (Chun & Y.F.Wu) Figlar: Insel Hainan
  • Magnolia subulifera (Dandy) Figlar: Vietnam
  • Magnolia sumatrae (Dandy) Figlar & Noot.: Malaysia, Sumatra
  • Magnolia xanthantha (C.Y.Wu ex Law & Y.F.Wu) Figlar: Yunnan (China)
   Subsectio Elmerrillia : (SE-Asia, Pacific)
  • Magnolia platyphylla (Merr.) Figlar & Noot.: Philippinen
  • Magnolia pubescens (Merr.) Figlar & Noot.: Philippinen
  • Magnolia tsiampacca (L.) Figlar & Noot.: Sumatra, Neuguinea, Borneo, Malaysia
  • Magnolia vrieseana (Miq.) Baill. ex Pierre (Syn.: Elmerrillia ovalis (Miq.) Dandy): Sulawesi, Molukken
   Subsectio Maingola : (India, SE-Asia)
  • Magnolia annamensis Dandy: Vietnam
  • Magnolia carsonii Dandy ex Noot.: Borneo, Celebes
  • Magnolia cathcartii (Hook. f. & Thoms.) Noot. (Syn.: Alcimandra cathcartii): südwestliches China, Burma
  • Magnolia griffithii King: Indien, Assam
  • Magnolia gustavii King: Indien, Assam
  • Magnolia macklottii (Korth.) Dandy: westliches Java, Borneo, Sumatra
  • Magnolia maingayi (Korth.) Dandy: westliches Java, Borneo, Sumatra
  • Magnolia pealiana King: Assam
   Subsectio Aromadendron : (SE-Asia)
  • Magnolia ashtonii Dandy ex. Noot.: Sumatra, Borneo
  • Magnolia bintuluensis (Agostini) Noot.: Sumatra, Borneo
  • Magnolia borneensis Noot.: Borneo, Philippinen
  • Magnolia elegans (Blume) Keng: Sumatra, Java
  • Magnolia pahangensis Noot.: Borneo, Philippinen
Subgenus Gynopodium:
   Sectio Gynopodium: (China and Taiwan)
  • Magnolia kachirachirai (Kanehira & Yamamoto) Dandy: Taiwan
  • Magnolia nitida W.W.Smith: nordwestliches Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia lotungensis Chun & Tsoon: südliches Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia yunnanensis (Hu) Noot.: südöstliches Yunnan (China)
  • Magnolia omeiensis (Hu & Cheng) Dandy: Sichuan (China)
   Sectio Manglietiastrum: (Asia)
  • Magnolia pleiocarpa (Dandy) Figlar & Noot.: (Syn.: Pachylarnax pleiocarpa Dandy: Assam
  • Magnolia praecalva (Dandy) Figlar & Noot. (Syn.: Pachylarnax praecalva Dandy): Vietnam, Malaiische Halbinsel
  • Magnolia sinica (Law) Noot. (Syn.: Manglietiastrum sinicum Law): südöstliches Yunnan (China)
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  • Magnolia dawsoniana - Dawson's magnolia
  • Magnolia hypoleuca - Whitebark Magnolia
  • Magnolia sargentiana - Sargent's magnolia
  • Magnolia sprengeri - Sprenger's magnolia
Other: / Andere:
  • Magnolia hodgsonii
  • Magnolia sirindhorniae - Princess Sirindhorn's magnolia
  • Magnolia splendens - Shining Magnolia, Laurel Magnolia
  •  

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homepage: http://www.f-lohmueller.de
 
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